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{November 23, 2010}   Handling Drug Addiction

by – Nidarshana Sharma

In the present scenario,where our lives are ruled by stress and pressure,dependence on certain forces outside has increased.PeopleHandling Drug Addiction have progressively started taking to smoking,alcohol and drugs.While these practices have not been uncommon in the past,they have witnessed a gradual surge in their takers.School going and college students have started reveling in the after-effects of these fantasy yielding vices.Quite unfortunately,most of them are not even aware of the web that they are stuck in and are unable to wiggle themselves free.Rave parties and quiet picnics have become the order of the day.The soaring demand for these pills,power and leaves have sent prices skyrocketting.

The effects of drug addiction can be disturbing-not just for the addict but for others around them.If left unrestricted,the drug is going to win.Drug abuse is a disease of the brain,and the drugs change brain chemistry,which results in a change of behavior.Aside from the obvious behavioral consequences of addiction,the negative effects on a person’s health are potentially devastating.

Drug addiction has strong effects on the family too.The addict pushes them away from their parents,brothers and sisters.This can prove to be very difficult for the family as it is a source of support for anybody.In many cases,the addict is forced out of his home for treatement or due to the danger that they can pose.

The economy and society is also badly affected by drug addiction.The National Institute on Drug Abuse reported that some $67 billion per year is the impact that drug addiction has on this country.

There are many remedies to cure this addiction.Among them the most popular is incarceration.According to Wikipedia,incarceration is the detention of a person in jail,typically as a punishment for a crime.Incarceration serves four essential purposes with regard to criminals:

1. To punish criminals for committing crimes.
2. To isolate criminals to prevent them from committing more crimes.
3. To deter others from committing crimes.
4. To rehabilitate criminals.

However,this particular method has received much flak.According to some psychologists and therapists,when in prison,the likelihood of a person nursing a desire to do drugs is higher.”Drug addiction is not a crime,it is only a sickness of the mind”,they propagate.In this regard,it is essential to treat the victims and not punish them.In addition,incarceration costs 10 times more than treatement and some governments cannot afford it.

A better alternative is rehabilitation and treatement.The sickness must be cured.This can only happen when the addict is helped to get rid of the drug content in their body.A number of successful rehabilitaion centres have successfully brought about a change in many addicts.They use a variety of biological,physical and psychological methods to get their job done.Contrary to popular belief,many addicts have returned to normalcy after stints at rehabilitation centres.

Drug addiction can be a serious problem which can be rooted out if we exercise a little more caution and act responsible and help the government in busting drug-trafficking rackets.Besides,we must ensure that our family members ,especially the youngsters move around with the right people and do not indulge in any kind of drug abuse.

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Things you must know-By Nidarshana Sharma

Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels and is one of the principal vital signs.

For each heartbeat, there is a maximum (systolic) and minimum (diastolic) pressure. Each time the heart beats (about 60-70 times a minute at rest), it pumps out blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is said to be at its highest when the heart beats, pumping the blood. This is the systolic pressure. When the heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is the diastolic pressure. Gravity, valves in veins, and pumping from contraction of skeletal muscles, are some other influences on BP at various places in the body.

The term blood pressure usually is that which is measured at a person’s upper arm, on the inside of an elbow at the brachial artery, which is the upper arm’s major blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart. A person’s BP is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure over diastolic pressure (mmHg), for example 120/80.
Your blood pressure levels change with the kind of activity you are engaged in. BP is at its lowest when you are asleep and it increases as you get up. It can become high when you are excited, nervous or angry.

However, for most parts of the day, your BP is usually constant. A normal level is about 120/80, with a few variations. The danger is when your BP rises to say, a level of 140/90. That just indicates a high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a major reason for worry, because your heart is overworked and strained the same amount of blood and this translates to greater chances of heart and kidney diseases. High blood is often called the silent killer, because it doesn’t often manifest itself through symptoms and provides no warning signs either. When your heart is strained, it will enlarge and an enlarged heart functions with worrisome.

It is estimated that over 60 million Americans have high blood pressure.  Of this 60 million, about 35 percent of them are not aware of their it.

Having known some key facts about blood pressure, it is also important to know how to keep it in check. The most important and the most effective way is by exercise and diet control. A tab on salt intake, alcohol consumption and quitting smoking are the best ways to combat blood pressure. Individuals who are very active have a lower risk of getting high blood pressure (20 to 50 percent) than people who are not active.

Sometimes blood pressure is also controlled by medication, especially in cases where it is slightly on the higher side. However, one can control their blood pressure levels very effectively with proper food and exercise.

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{November 9, 2010}   Yoga

 

Yoga

Obesity, cholesterol, diabetes and all other kinds of lifestyle diseases have become the order of the day. Youngsters also are not spared from the onset of these diseases. Unhealthy food, irregular sleeping habits and increasing party culture have contributed to many people complaining of a plethora of health and lifestyle problems.

The medical fraternity all over the world has never been busier with patients from all age groups approaching them for different kinds of treatment.

While allopathy is undoubtedly a definite cure for these lifestyle diseases, what is more crucial is preventing them from attacking us. As they say, prevention is better than cure. So if one can prevent any health problems, then there is nothing better.

Simple things like eating the right food, at the right time and in the right quantities, count. But there must be something in addition to that. Physical activity can have no substitute. It is of utmost importance. There a variety of activities to choose from as per one’s convenience. But an excellent option is yoga.

Yoga is a form of exercise, which consists of physical activity combined with regulated breathing. It has been practiced for centuries in many countries, but is slowly catching up in the West. Yoga is known to not only help in controlling one’s weight but also in providing various health benefits. It improves blood circulation, soothes the mind and tones the body. In many cases, yoga also aids digestion of food and cures indigestion and acidity. Different asanas can be practiced for to address different problems in the body.

There is nothing more relaxing than an hour’s session of yoga. It is advisable to practice yoga in the morning when the mind is fresh and the environment is clean and pure.
Over the past few years, there has been a sudden surge in the number of people swearing by yoga. Many certified yoga professionals have also come out into the open. Yoga is being popularized by all those who have benefited out of it.

One very useful exercise which is a part of yoga is the Surya Namaskar. Primarily meant to worship the sun for its warmth and light, it is an excellent way to keep your body in shape. Many people propagate that Surya Namaskar done every day should suffice in keeping all your health problems at bay. Not just that it very effectively tackles weight issues too. Surya Namaskar forms an integral part of yoga. With asanas meant for every part of the body, it must be done multiple number of times. Some people do it as many as 108 times in a day.

Another branch of yoga which has helped many individuals in losing oodles of weight and obtaining a fit body is power yoga. The same asanas are practiced here, but much faster and a number of times without a break. Speed and repetition are two major components of power yoga. Power yoga is the perfect solution for all those who are overweight because it gives 100 percent results.

Yoga is a great form of physical activity and makes your body perfectly toned and highly flexible. Not just that, it sharpens the mind and keeps you fresh and active the entire day. To practice yoga means to stay healthy and happy for a long time to come.

 

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{November 9, 2010}   Lasik- right for you?

Tired of those boring spectacles which are ruining your beauty? Do you think contact lenses require a lot of meticulous work? Then,Lasik- right for you? you should start looking for alternatives.
While spectacles are the most common solution to those with myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism, recent developments in the field of medicine and laser treatment have opened up newer avenues. One such achievement is LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis).

LASIK is a type of refractive surgery used for correcting myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Lasik is performed by ophthalmologists using a laser. Though similar to other forms of corrective surgeries, it provides more benefits like faster patient recovery.

Procedure
There are several necessary preparations before the surgery. The operation is about creating a thin flap on the eye, folding it to enable remodeling of the tissue beneath with a laser. The flap is repositioned and the eye is left to heal in the postoperative period.

People wearing soft contact lenses are instructed to stop using them 5 to 21 days before the surgery. The thickness of the patient’s cornea is checked with an instrument called the pachymeter and using a topographer a map of the cornea is created. This detects astigmatism and other problems. This map will help the surgeon in determining how the cornea is to be operated. The patient is asked to self-administer an anti-biotic to prevent infections in the postoperative period.
The patient is usually awake and mobile during the operation though he/she could be given a mild anesthetic. It is performed in three steps. The first step is to create a flap of corneal tissue. The second step is remodeling of the cornea underneath the flap with the laser. Finally, the flap is repositioned.

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory eye drops are usually given to the patients. They’re asked to sleep for a long time and are given protective sunglasses to protect them from bright light and eye goggles to prevent frequent rubbing when asleep and to reduce dry eyes. They also are required to moisturize the eyes with preservative-free tears and follow directions for prescription drops. Patients should be adequately informed by their surgeons of the importance of proper post-operative care to minimize the risk of complications.

If you’re considering going in for LASIK, there are a few precautions you must take.

  1. If you play sports, this surgery could be risky, ditto if your cornea is too thin or if you suffer from some acute medical condition.
  2. Some jobs (pilot, police officer) require standards of vision that LASIK can help you achieve. Other jobs prohibit certain procedures.
  3. Medical insurance is not available for this kind of surgery and it doesn’t come cheap either.
  4. LASIK is not available to anybody who is below 18 years of age.
  5. In addition, if you’re over 40, you will still have to wear reading glasses after the surgery.
  6. LASIK can cause dry eyes and can aggravate your problem if you have dry eyes.
  7. There is also a possibility of surgical infection.

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{November 9, 2010}   Eye Care

by – Sadhana Chaturvedi

 

Eye Care

Eye Care

 

Eyes are the windows to the world. Most people take this for granted and neglect vision. Often, we only think about this marvelous gift of sight only when we think of blind people or when we experience some problems with out vision. However, even if you do have short or long sight, it’s not too late. There is still a lot to be done to take care of our eyes.

Now many people depend on a computer to get their work done. Some people have to spend as much as 8-9 hours a day on the computer. If proper care is not taken, this leads to disastrous effects. Watching t.v. continuously for hours, reading in low light conditions, not wearing spectacles even when you are prescribed by a doctor are some of the other things that most people do which result in damage to the eyes.

Don’t work for a long period without breaks. Take frequent small breaks and stretch your self. Look at distant objects either in your office or outside. Looking at a distant object and then returning to your task helps your eyes focus better. Try taking such breaks for about five to 10 minutes every hour.  During breaks, here is a small and easy exercise: “First, blink your eyes several times. While you keep your eyes closed, roll your eyeballs both clockwise and anticlockwise and take a deep breath. Gradually open your eyes while releasing your breath. This exercise lasts for a minute and you can repeat it three times before getting back to work.” It serves as a good workout for the eyes.

Drink plenty of water. It helps reduce puffiness. When a person is dehydrated,  the body starts storing water as a defence mechanism. This makes your  eyes puffy.  Placing refrigerated tea bags on the eyes not only helps reduce this puffiness but also soothes tired eyes.

While using a computer, people tend to reduce the number of times they blink.This can lead to dry eyes. Try to blink 12 to 15 times every minute. Fix an anti glare screen on to your monitor or use anti glare glass while working on computers. Also position the monitor and lights in such a manner that glare from the screen is minimum. Rub your palms against each other till them become warm. Cover your eyes with your warm palms for about a minute. Palming is another great way to relax and soothe your eyes.

Use sunglasses while you are out in the sun.Some sunglasses use only tinted lenses which just reduce the glare but don’t offer any protection.  Make sure to use sunglasses that offer 100% U.V. Protection.

Contacts are a great tool, but they come with responsibility. If you use contact lenses and you don’t take proper care, this leads to further problems. Make sure to ask your doctor for the necessary precautions and care you should take while using contact lenses.

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et cetera
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